A serious gum infection that damages gums and can destroy the jawbone. The cause is usually poor oral hygiene resulting in the presence of excessive harmful bacteria in the mouth. When the increase bad bacteria disrupts the balance of oral bacteria, plaque begins to form on the teeth and along the gumline. Plaque accumulation causes inflammation of the gums and frequently results in redness, swelling, tenderness, even lead to tooth loss. So, what are the biggest risk factors associated with the development of gum disease?
A healthy lifestyle, such as maintaining a healthy diet, exercise, avoiding smoking, limiting alcohol consumption, and maintaining oral hygiene, will keep diseases away from us. Conversely, bad habits will create an environment that is ripe for disease. Long-term alcohol abuse is highly destructive to oral health, while smoking is not only cause damage to overall health but also to oral health as smoking makes it harder for gum tissue to repair itself. Other contributing factors to periodontal disease include an unbalanced diet and psychological stress.
Poor oral hygiene
Poor oral hygiene, such as not brushing the teeth at least twice a day and flossing, can contribute to gum disease. Brushing the teeth and flossing are common measures that must be observed diligently to remove and avoid the plaque buildup in the mouth. When plaques are not removed, it will eventually result in the development of gingivitis.
Illnesses and medications
Some illnesses have an impact on the condition of the gums. It include diseases such as diabetes and heart disease, which can lower immunity and increase the risk of gum disease. Many medications used to treat diseases also have side effects that adversely affect oral health because they reduce the flow of saliva, which can have a protective effect on the teeth and gums. Other medications can also cause abnormal growth of gum tissue.
Family history of dental disease
A family history of dental disease can be a contributing factor in the development of gingivitis.
How can gum disease be prevented?
Proper and consistent oral hygiene can prevent gum disease. This includes:
- visiting the dentist regularly
- brushing your teeth twice daily with toothbrush
- flossing your teeth every day with water flosser
More lists of do and not to do to help you keep your teeth healthy, please read "How to Stay Away from Dentist"